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Mosaic Techniques
Mosaic are made up of bits and fragments of colored stone, glass, ceramic tile, and other materials. Approximately 5000 years is as far back as archeologists have been able to find examples of mosaic art.
Two basic methods are used today for creating mosaic: the direct and the indirect.
  • Direct Method one of the most popular method of laying a mosaic. In this technique the tesseare are plased down one by one: applying adhesive, either on each individual piece or base material (concrete, wood, metal, etc.) and after allowing project to dry can be grouted if needed.
  • Inderect Method a technique in wich the tesserae are fixed only temporerily on to paper with smooth side face down using a watersoluble adhesive. After glue dried, the entire mosaic, or a section of it if it is a large work, is lifted up and placed into position on the permanent adhesive and allow to dry. Then moist the paper and carefully remove it.
Detail of 11th-century mosaic from
St. Sophia Cathedral in Kyiv, Ukraine
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